Benin is bounded by Togo to the west, Burkina Faso and Niger to the north, Nigeria to the east. It has a coastline of 121 km in the Gulf of Guinea. Its population is estimated at least 11.9 million in 2018 (World Bank Statistics). It would reach 13 million in 2025 and 22 million in 2050 (RGPH 2002) with an urbanization rate of 48.2% (2025) and 56.2% (2050). In 2017, the rural proportion reached 61.1% while it registered 38.9% in urban regions.
With an economic growth between 4 and 5% in 2017, and a GDP rate of 2.7% per inhabitant, Benin is of the slowest growing countries. Its economy is mostly based on rainfed subsistence farming, extensive monoculture of cotton and regional trade. The Benin ranks 163rd in 2018 according to the Human Development Index of UNDP. More than 51% in 2013 (World Bank) of the population lives below the poverty line with $ 1.9 a day. The majority of poor households remain excluded from essential services. There are still significant disparities in access to drinking water. Only 43% in rural areas have access to water compared to 57% in urban areas. The deficit is 57% and 43% respectively in rural and urban areas.
This illustrates that the needs of the people of Benin are not yet fully covered despite the efforts made to provide drinking water.
In 2016, more than 5 million Beninese (almost 50% of the total population) do not have access to drinking water. Faced with this situation and under the right to drinking water for all citizens wherever they are, the Government of Benin has the ambition to ensure access to drinking water for all the population of Benin by 2021 instead of 2030 as foreseen by the Sustainable Development Goals “SDGs”. Achieving this ambition will confirm Benin’s efforts to achieve SDG 6 on universal access to water, sanitation and the sustainable management of water resources.
Within the framework of SDG 6, reforms have been made for access for all to water and sanitation. These reforms concern: the establishment of a new implementation mechanism for drinking water projects and programs taking into account the effective promotion of the Public-Private Partnership in the sector, the institutional reforms of the Water General Management and SONEB and the creation at the end of 2016 of the National Agency for Drinking Water Supply in Rural Areas (ANAEP-MR) under the supervision of the Presidency of the Republic, in charge of implementing implementation of state strategy and infrastructure projects for rural drinking water supply.
In this perspective of presenting efficient and effective solutions, KWA proposes to present to the Republic of Benin its mobile water supply solution for rural areas.
KWA is pleased to help Benin achieve the key priorities of its 2017-2030 National Rural Water Supply Strategy. In particular by improving living conditions, health, school enrollment, productivity and income, especially for women and girls.